May 22, 2017

Program Themes


1 Adaptation to climate change Adaptation strategies based on ecosystem management, capability of adaptation, vulnerability and impact, social and biological resilience, monitoring the impact on biodiversity.
2 Mitigation of climate change Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests (REDD+), avoided deforestation, reforestation, sequestration of carbon, carbon credits, biofuels.
3 Loss of habitat and biodiversity impact Deforestation, loss of habitat quality, socioeconomic and biophysical factors, effects of fragmentation, biological corridors, connectivity, fire management, impacts on human health, impacts on population genetics.
4 Invasive species Strategies for identification, prevention, and control.
5 Management, conservation, and restoration of coastal and oceanic ecosystems Impacts of coastal development and overfishing; bleaching of coral reefs; strategies for conservation and restoration of coral reefs, mangroves, sea grasses, and estuarine and benthic communities; monitoring and assessment; food safety; biological corridors; restoration techniques; and successful cases of ecological restoration.
6 Management, conservation, and restoration of freshwater ecosystems


Impacts of development, freshwater conservation priorities, aquifers, freshwater fish, macro-invertebrates, water pollution, environmental services, management and conservation, monitoring and evaluation, restoration techniques, good practices and success stories
7 Management, conservation, and restoration of terrestrial ecosystems Diversity, natural history, ecology, management and conservation of species and ecosystems; technical strategies for the conservation of biodiversity; planning and conservation at regional scales and landscapes; best practices for restoration; restoration success stories.
8 Management of public and private protected areas Effectiveness of management, models of governance, distribution of benefits, social participation, effectiveness of protected areas in reducing threats to biodiversity, mechanisms of private conservation, restoration of protected areas.

Innovative financial mechanisms for biodiversity conservation


Interagency and private-sector alliances, successful campaigns for financing biodiversity conservation, environmental funds, debt-for-nature swaps, sustainable tourism, payment for ecosystem services, public and private fundraising models.
10 Adaptive management of biodiversity Techniques and statistical methods to measure the impact of conservation actions, measuring the state of conservation, monitoring effects of management actions, managing biological and ecological knowledge to strengthen learning.


11 Biodiversity and technology Bio-prospecting, biochemistry, veterinary medicine
12 Management and conservation of biodiversity in fragmented landscapes Agroecology and agroforestry, ethnobiology, silvi-pastoral systems, community-based management, design and management of biological corridors, land use planning, design and management of landscapes.
13 Application of advanced technology in the management and conservation of biodiversity GIS, remote sensing of biodiversity, monitoring using high-tech or mobile applications, applications using drones.
14 Social participation, poverty reduction and governance schemes


Co-management, management of biodiversity and reduction of poverty, community management, benefit-sharing, conservation on private property, environmental education, legislation and other environmental policy mechanisms.

Development of infrastructure for large-scale projects and biodiversity


Impacts and mitigation projects in mining, energy production and transmission, roads, social conflict, compensation strategies.
16 Management, provision, and socioeconomic benefits of biodiversity and ecosystem services Mechanisms of payment for ecosystem services, methods for estimating the value of environmental services, prioritization of sites for provision of services, sustainable tourism


PIF Themes:


  • Economics and Ecosystem Services
  1. Ecotourism benefits
  2. Ecosystem services provided by birds and bird habitat
  3. Birds as umbrella or iconic species for biodiversity and ecosystem conservation
  • Protection and Conservation
  1. Enhancing protected area management for multiple benefits
  2. Integrating bird and biodiversity conservation into commodity production
  3. Markets and certification for eco-friendly products


3) Outreach and Communication

  1. a) Encouraging citizen science and stewardship
  2. b) Building a birdwatching/ecotourism constituency
  3. c) Using social science to promote conservation

4) Conservation Planning and Implementation

5) Networking and Development

  1. a) Working with sustainable development agencies
  2. b) Fundraising



6) Monitoring for baseline and project effectiveness

7) Generating and interpreting indices of bird, biodiversity, and habitat conditions

8) Measuring and estimating abundance and survival

9) Skills for obtaining and using sight and sound records: eBird, iNaturalist



10) Ecology/Population Dynamics

  1. a) Habitat requirements and habitat management
  2. b) Factors affecting survival and reproduction throughout the annual cycle
  3. c) Patterns of connectivity and their significance
  4. d) Population limitation

11) Anthropogenic impacts

  1. a) Climate change
  2. b) Pollution
  3. c) Urbanization
  4. d) Habitat conversion